Exploratory Study on Gasification of Pelletized Grassy Biomass HWR13-230
Start: 5/15/13 - Completion: 12/16/13
Liu, Peter Ping; Eastern Illinois University (PI)
Cloward, Jerry; Eastern Illinois University
This exploratory research is proposed to study the characteristics of grassy biomass pellets in terms of their gasification behavior and to identify realistic operation conditions for those grasses either native or readily available in the State of Illinois.
SR5 – Evaluate Feasibility of Sustainable and Economical Utilization of Biomass Gasification Byproducts SR5
Start: 1/15/13 - Completion: 1/14/14
Patel, Vinod; Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (PI)
Ping Liu, Peter; Eastern Illinois University
Sharma, BK; Illinois Sustainable Technology Center
The overall goal of this project is to develop a unique environmental friendly technology to make value added building materials from gasification solid waste thereby managing solid waste efficiently, saving the natural resources, and reducing greenhouse gases emissions.
Larson, Richard; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (PI)
Sherma, Brajendra; Illinois Sustainable Technology Center
The proposed project will identify and optimize conditions for the isolation of value-added products (phenolic antioxidants) from bio-oil, a product of pyrolysis of biological materials. The substance(s) chosen for testing will be hardwoods known from the literature to be high in phenolic concentration and to have abundant phenols of types (highly substituted and electronrich) that are similar in structure to synthetic petroleum-derived antioxidants, such as BHT and BHA. The research will proceed by (1) obtaining wood samples and subjecting them to pyrolysis under conditions that maximize the yield of bio-oil relative to gas and char production; (2) extracting the desired phenolics from the crude oil fraction using alkali/solvent processes, and analyzing the extracts by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry; (3) testing the phenolic fractions by standard methods of antioxidant activity versus a known standard antioxidant, BHT, in bio-fuels and/or lubricants. It is expected, based on their structural characteristics, that bio-oil derived phenols will have comparable activity to the commercial product.